By Reuters, AFP, NYTimes and Bloomberg, published by The Straits Times
Jakarta – Indonesian President Joko Widodo today (Oct. 2) ordered a safety review of the country’s football matches after at least 174 people were killed and 180 injured in a stampede and riot at a soccer match, officials said, in one of the world’s worst stadium disasters.
After the match in East Java province between Arema FC and Persebaya Surabaya ended on Saturday night, supporters from Arema, the losing team, invaded the pitch to express their frustration, police said.
Officers fired tear gas in an attempt to control the situation, triggering a stampede and cases of suffocation, East Java police chief Nico Afinta told reporters.
“It had gotten anarchic. They started attacking officers, they damaged cars,” Nico said, adding that the crush occurred when fans fled for an exit gate.
Emil later said that figure might have included duplicate fatalities. The local health agency put the toll at 130 while other official or government-backed sources said it could be as high as over 180.
Video footage from local news channels showed people rushing onto the pitch in the stadium in Malang and images of body bags.
A hospital director told local TV that one of the victims was five years old.
There have been previous outbreaks of trouble at matches in Indonesia, with strong rivalry between clubs sometimes leading to violence among supporters.
In an earlier statement today, Nico had said two police officers were among the dead. Thirty-four people died inside the stadium and the rest died in hospital, the police chief had said.
Joko ordered the Football Association of Indonesia (PSSI) to suspend all games in the Indonesian top league BRI Liga 1 until an investigation had been completed.
“I regret this tragedy and I hope this is the last tragedy of football in the country,” said Jokowi, as the president is known.
Indonesia’s chief security minister Mahfud MD said today that the number of spectators exceeded the capacity of the stadium. In an Instagram post, he said 42,000 tickets had been issued for a stadium that had a capacity to hold 38,000 people.
Police said about 3,000 from the crowd stormed the pitch. Video footage circulating on social media showed people shouting obscenities at police, who were holding riot shields.
World football’s governing body Fifa specifies in its safety regulations that no firearms or “crowd control gas” should be carried or used by stewards or police. East Java police did not immediately respond to a request for comment on whether they were aware of such regulations.
PSSI Secretary General Yunus Nusi said that FIFA had requested a report on the deadly incident and that a PSSI team had been sent to the site to investigate.
“Many of our friends lost their lives because of the officers who dehumanised us,” said Mr Muhammad Rian Dwicahyono, 22, crying, as he nursed a broken arm at the local Kanjuruhan hospital. “Many lives have been wasted.”
Today mourners gathered outside the gates of the stadium to lay flowers for the victims.
Amnesty International Indonesia slammed the security measures, saying the “use of excessive force by the state … to contain or control such crowds cannot be justified at all”.
Indonesia’s sports minister Zainudin Amali said the authorities would re-evaluate safety at football matches and consider not allowing spectators.
“We’re sorry for this incident… this is a regrettable incident that injures our football at a time when supporters can watch football matches from the stadium,” he told broadcaster Kompas.
“We will thoroughly evaluate the organisation of the match and the attendance of supporters. Will we return to banning supporters from attending the matches? That is what we will discuss.”
The match between Arema FC and Persebaya Surabaya took place at the Kanjuruhan Stadium. After Arema lost 3-2 on its home field, dozens of fans rushed to the field. The Times of Indonesia reported that security officers tried to keep the crowd at bay by hitting and kicking supporters.
As fights broke out, the authorities fired bursts of tear gas onto the field and into the stands. One video from the scene showed fans running away from clouds of tear gas on the field.
Local news outlets said thousands of fans struggled to breathe and several eventually fainted. Images showed people who appeared to have lost consciousness being carried away by other fans.
Torched vehicles, including a police truck, littered the streets outside the stadium this morning. Police said 13 vehicles in total were damaged.
Many victims at the nearby Kanjuruhan hospital suffered from trauma, shortness of breath and a lack of oxygen due to the large number of people at the scene affected by tear gas, said paramedic Bobby Prabowo.
The head of another hospital in the area treating patients told Metro TV that some of the victims had sustained brain injuries and that the dead included a five-year-old child.
Financial aid would be given to the injured and the families of victims, East Java Governor Khofifah Indar Parawansa told reporters.
The Indonesian top league immediately suspended play for at least a week.
“We are concerned and deeply regret this incident,” said president director of PT Liga Indonesia Baru Akhmad Hadian Lukita. “We share our condolences, and hopefully this will be a valuable lesson for all of us.”
Violence, mismanagement plague Indonesia’s volatile football scene
Football violence has long been a problem for Indonesia. Violent, often deadly rivalries between major teams are common. Some teams even have fan clubs with so-called commanders, who lead armies of supporters to matches across Indonesia.
Fifa President Gianni Infantino said the stampede was a “tragedy beyond comprehension”, adding that the football world was “in a state of shock”.
“This is a dark day for all involved in football and a tragedy beyond comprehension. I extend my deepest condolences to the families and friends of the victims who lost their lives following this tragic incident,” he said.
“Together with FIFA and the global football community, all our thoughts and prayers are with the victims, those who have been injured… at this difficult time.”
Flares are often thrown on the field and riot police are a regular presence at many matches. Since the 1990s, dozens of fans have been killed in football-related violence.
Saturday’s stadium disaster appeared to be the deadliest since 328 people were reported dead in a riot and crush when Peru hosted Argentina at the Estadio Nacional in 1964.
Among other global stadium disasters, 96 Liverpool supporters were crushed to death in Britain in April 1989, when an overcrowded and fenced-in enclosure collapsed at the Hillsborough Stadium in Sheffield.
Indonesia is to host the Fifa under-20 World Cup in May and June next year. They are also one of three countries bidding to stage next year’s Asian Cup, the continent’s equivalent of the Euros, after China pulled out as hosts.
The head of the Asian Football Confederation, Shaikh Salman bin Ebrahim Al Khalifa said in a statement he was “deeply shocked and saddened to hear such tragic news coming out of football-loving Indonesia”, expressing condolences for the victims, their families and friends.
Top: Arema FC supporters enter the field after the team lost to Persebaya at Kanjuruhan Stadium in Malang on Saturday, Oct. 1, 2022. Photo: Reuters and published by The Straits Times
First insert: A group of people carry a man at Kanjuruhan Stadium in Malang, East Java, on Saturday, Oct. 1, 2022. Photo: AFP and published by The Straits Times
Second insert: As fights broke out, authorities fired bursts of tear gas onto the field and into the stands. Photo: AFP and published by The Straits Times
Third insert: People ride a motorcycle outside Kanjuruhan Stadium in Malang, East Java, today, Oct. 2, 2022. Photo: Reuters and published by The Straits Times
Fourth insert: A policeman sets up a cordon next to a torched vehicle outside Kanjuruhan stadium in Malang, East Java, today, Oct. 2, 2022. Photo: AFP and published by The Straits Times
Fifth insert: A damaged police vehicle seen inside Kanjuruhan Stadium in Malang, East Java, today, Oct 2, 2022. Photo: EPA-EFE and published by The Straits Times
Sixth insert: A torched vehicle seen outside Kanjuruhan Stadium in Malang, East Java, today, Oct. 2, 2022. Photo: AFP and published by The Straits Times
Front Page: A police officer fires tear gas into the stands at Kanjuruhan Stadium in Malang, East Java, on Oct 1, 2022. Photo: Reuters